Cancer Gallery

Types of Cancer – ଓ କେଉଁ ଟେଷ୍ଟ କରିବାକୁ ପଡେ

Cancers are named for the area in which they begin and the type of cell they are made of, even if they spread to other parts of the body. For example, a cancer that begins in the lungs and spreads to the liver is still called lung cancer. There are also several clinical terms used for certain general types of cancer:

  • Carcinoma is a cancer that starts in the skin or the tissues that line other organs.
  • Sarcoma is a cancer of connective tissues such as bones, muscles, cartilage, and blood vessels.
  • Leukemia is a cancer of bone marrow, which creates blood cells.
  • Lymphoma and Myeloma are cancers of the immune system.

Myelo-dysplastic syndromes, or MDS, are a group of disorders in which a person’s bone marrow does not produce enough functioning blood cells. MDS is a type of cancer. MDS damages some of the blood forming cells in the bone marrow, leading to low counts of one or more types of blood cells

SOME OF THE TYPES OF CANCERS

Breast Cancer Lung Cancer Skin Cancer
Bladder cancer Melanoma Testicular Cancer
Brain Tumor Melanoma of the Eye Throat or Larynx
Endometrial Cancer Mesothelioma Thyroid Cancer
Ewing’s Sarcoma Multiple Myeloma
Kidney Cancer

(Renal Cell Carcinoma)

Prostate Cancer

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Anal Cancer Esophageal Cancer GIST Pancreatic Ca
Colon Cancer Gallbladder Cancer Liver Cancer  

Gynecologic Cancer

Cervical Cancer Uterine Cancer Vulva Cancer
Ovarian Cancer Vaginal Cancer

Head and Neck Cancer

Salivary Gland Cancer Tumor of the Oro-pharynx Tumors of the Nasal Cavity and Para- nasal Sinuses
Naso-Pharyngeal Ca Oral Cancer
Laryngeal Cancer Hypo pharyngeal Tumors

Lymphoma:

Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma

What are the 4 types of Leukemia?

There are 4 main types of leukemia, based on whether they are acute or chronic, and myeloid or lymphocytic:

  • Acute Myeloid (Or Myelogenous) Leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic Myeloid (Or Myelogenous) Leukemia (CML)
  • Acute Lymphocytic (Or Lymphoblastic) Leukemia (ALL)
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

ଆୟୁର୍ବେଦିକରେ କେଉଁ କ୍ୟାନସର ପାଇଁ କଣ ଟେଷ୍ଟ ରିପୋର୍ଟ ନିହାତି ଦରକାର

Carcinoma Sarcoma Blastoma Lymphoma, Leukemia,

Blood Cancer

Breast CA 15.3 Bone CBC CBC
Prostate PSA Cartilage USG ESR
Lungs CEA Nerve CT  MRI  PET Bone Marrow Test
Pancreas CA 19.9 BCR
Colon CEA ABL27
Ovarian CA125 PBF
Testis BETA HCG CBC GM
Rectum CEA USG
Urinary Bladder CEA CT  MRI  PET
Stomach CEA
Liver AFP

 

Test combinations that will give more exact results are for instance

  • Colorectal: M2-PK; if M2-PK is not available, can test CEA, CA 19-9,  CA 125
  • Breast: CEA, CA 15-3, Cyfra 21-1
  • Ovary: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125, AFP, BHCG
  • Uterine: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125, Cyfra 21-1, SCC
  • Prostate: PSA, FPSA and ratio
  • Testicle: AFP, BHCG
  • Pancreas/Stomach: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 72-4
  • Liver: CEA, AFP
  • Oesophagus: CEA, Cyfra 21-1
  • Thyroid: CEA, NSE
  • Lung: CEA, CA 19-9, CA 125, NSE, Cyfra 21-1 (Sensitivity at 95 percent percentile for Cyfra 21-1 is 79 percent, while for SCC and CEA are 41 and 31 percent respectively)
  • Bladder: CEA, Cyfra 21-1, TPA

ବିଶେଷ – ସବିଶେଷ ଜାଣିବା ପାଇଁ ନିଜର ଡକ୍ଟରଙ୍କ ସହ ପରାମର୍ଶ କରନ୍ତୁ